Introduction Nepal, About Nepal

Welcome To Nepal !

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Welcome to Nepal !


Often termed as the 'epitome of nature' and the "divine artist's key-sketch", Nepal is a country lavishly and sumptuously blessed by the Mother Nature. She boasts the white majestic mountains, including the world's highest mountain Mount Everest, variegated hills clad in colorful attires of pines and rhododendrons, crystal clear lakes, whistling rivers, deep gorges, verdant plains and hinterlands. Moreover, she is a sanctuary of umpteen species of flora and fauna, a melting pot of diverse ethnic groups and their unique cultures, and, above all, a country of gods and temples etc. Owing to its natural beauty and cultural diversity, Nepal has been regarded as one of the very bests holiday destination around the globe.

Enchantment is everywhere in Nepal; be it in the cool and invigorating shade of the high mountains, or on terraced farmlands carved like stairways out of hill ridges, or still across waterfalls, creeks, rushing mountain rivers amidst gorges, valleys and forests teeming with a cornucopia of flora and fauna.  There are lakes amidst breathtaking settings, strong-current rivers for rafting, Wildlife Safaris, the tallest mountains to climb, trekking across vales and dales, and, above all, warm, friendly, welcoming people. In this respect, Nepal becomes a perfect holiday destination for tourists, trekkers, mountaineers, writers, honeymooners, lovers, retired people and people interested in research.

Nepal Geography,  Where is Nepal? Location of Nepal.

      ...... As Nepal is sandwiched between two economic and geographical Leviathans, it is rightfully regarded as “ A Yam between Two Boulders” as While Nepal abuts on Indian border in the east, the west and the South, Tibetan Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China shares the vast Himalayan frontier with Nepal. The length of the county is 885 kilometers from east to west, and its breath varies from 145 kilometers to 241 kilometers from north to south. The total area is 147,181 sq. kilometers. Nepal is divided into 14 Zones and 75 Districts View Google map of Nepal.


Nepal isn’t only the home of mysterious Yeti and elusive Snow Leopard, but  also a constant cause of wonder for meteorologists for her simply amazing variations in climatic conditions. Divided into three different geographical regions, Nepal houses the snow-capped Himalayas in the north, a vast stretch of plains in the south and two chains of hills, known as Mahabharata and Churiya range, acting as a geological bridge between the northern and southern region.

The most astonishing thing about the geography of Nepal is that the distance between the tropical lowlands and the snow-capped mountainous region is very less. While the distance between the tropical and alpine regions in most of the countries around the globe is more than 1000 km, it is just less than 100 km in some places in Nepal.. The temperature varies between zero in the mountains to over 30 degrees Celsius in the valleys, and to mercury plummeting up to 38 degrees during summer in the lowlands.


‘Unity in diversity’ is really the mot just for a multi-ethnic, multicultural and multilingual country like Nepal. It had a population of 18,462,081 at the time of the 1991 census. The average population density at the time was 125 persons per sq km (329 per sq mi), although nearly half the people were concentrated in the narrow Terai region. In contrast, the 2003 population estimate was 26,469,569. The population has grown rapidly since 1950 when there were only 9 million people. In 2003 the population was increasing at an annual rate of 2.3 percent. Only 12 percent of the population lived in urban areas. The rate of population in the urban areas, however, has grown significantly thanks to a number of social, political and economic reasons.

How to Get in?

You may need a tourist Visa to enter the country. A propspective visitor can apply for the visa from several embassies and consulates in most countries in the world. Nepal has diplomatic missions in 

 Australia, Bangladesh, Belgium, Burma, Canada, China, Denmark, Finaland, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Myanmar, The Netherlands, Norway, Pakistan, Phillipines, Spain , Sweeden, Switzerland, Thailand, Tibet, the United Kingdom and  the United States of America that issue visas to the propective visitors.


The following entery/exit points have been set by the government of Nepal for the foreign visitors:

1.     Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu

2.     Kodari, Sindhupalchowk (North)

3.     Karkarvitta, Jhapa (East)

4.     Belahia,Bhairhawa (West)

5.     Birgunj, Parsa (Central Nepal)

6.     Jamunaha, Nepalgunj (Mid-East)

7.     Mohana, Dhangadi (Far-West)

8.     Gadda Chauki, Mahendranagar (Far-West)


Via Air

Since there is only one international airport, Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu, in Nepal, it is the Hobson’s choice for vistors to start their Himalayan voyage from the capital city itself. The following airlines company operate their services from/to Kathmandu: 


1.     Nepal Airlines (Run by the Nepalese government, it operates its service to/from Bangkok, Banglore, Calcutta, Delhi, Dubai, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Mumbai, Osaka, Paris, London, Shanghai, Singapore)

2.     Korean Air (Seoul)

3.     Biman Bangladesh Airlines (Dhaka)

4.     Air China (Lhasa)

5.     Condor (Munich)

6.     Druk Air (Paro)

7.     Gulf Air (Abu Dhabi)

8.     Indian Airlines (Delhi, Calcutta, Varanasi)

9.     Qatar Airways ( Doha)

10.  Thai International (Bangkok)

11. Martin Air (Amsterdam via Sharjah)

12. Jet Airways International (Worldwide - India)


Via Land

Although Indo/Nepal border is a porous one, you must enter the country by road from  India  through one of the border crossing points ( as described under the heading Entrance/Egress). If you are coming from Tibet, the route is Kodari, Sindhupalchowk. There is no national passenger rail service in Nepal, but there is a rail service operating from Calcutta, India. A train by the name Mithila Express plies regularly between Howrah Station, Calcutta, to Birgunj, one of the chief entry points to Nepal. Now there is direct bus service between Delhi and Pokhara.

 Visa for Nepal


Although the comminication infrastructure of Nepal is not to the world’s standard, still the pincipal cities across the countries entertain almost all forms of sophisticated  communication systems. These include:


1. Telephone: The international country code for Nepal is 977. There are two to three digit area code and six-digit local phone numbers. The communication system, operated by Nepal Telecom, a quasi-governmental organization, caters its service in almost all the seventy-five district of the country. But some off-the-map villages don’t have telephone facilities. However, the East-West optical fibre project, which is on the verge of its completion, is expected to cover all the villages and hamlets of the country within two to three years time. Besides Nepal Telecom, United Tele Communication Limited (UTL), a privately owned company,  is providing its services in Kathmandu Valley. 

2. Cell Phones 

Mobiles are widely used, but due to the geoprphical constraints , some rural areas have only analog service, or no service at all. Nepal Telecom and UTL operate operate CDMA networks; Mero Mobile, a private mobile company,  operates the only GPRS network. Travellers planning to bring their GPRS phones with them might do well to check that their handset supports the appropriate frequencies. Visitor can buy SIM CARD of Nepal Telecome (Namaste) and Ncell from most of the local retailers and from Tribhuban International Airport arrival hall (need passport copy and photos).

3. Internet

There are cyber cafes in almost most of the tourist areas all over the country. A trekker can surf the net in Solukhumbu, the entry point of Mount Everest Region. Most of the popular hotels and restaurants offer free high speed Wi-Fi internet for their guest. Some hotel offer very good internet up 25 Mbps. New Pokhara Lodge Lakeside Pokhara offer free high speed WI-FI internet to hotel's customers up to 10Mbps.

 4. Mail

The snail mail system is there but, as a rule, it is not always speedy. Also, international parcel postal services can be costly. Furthermore, internationally acclaimed courier service providers like DHL and Fedex also have their branches in most parts of the country.

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